The shoulder comprises two significant joints, the glenohumeral joint, and the acromioclavicular joint. The acromioclavicular joint serves as a meeting point of the scapula and clavicle. The glenohumeral joint enables the humeral head and glenoid to make contact. However intricate and well-developed the anatomy of the shoulder may be, the joint is vulnerable to injury, particularly the muscles, tendons, ligaments and soft tissue, mostly due to general wear and tear or repetitive use.

The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body that enables a wide range of movements. The shoulder complex is composed of the clavicle, scapula and humerus. The balance between muscle forces, ligament constraints and bony articulations helps to position the hand. This mobility and stability balance makes the shoulder susceptible to a wide range of injuries.

Conditions and Management